PREVENT EYE STAIN WITH PROPER WEEKLY CLIPPING OF HAIR BETWEEN NOSE AND EYE.
Bushing Your Havanese's Coat Is Good, But, Did You Know That You Might Not Remove The Tangles With A Brush? You Need To Comb Havanese Coats At Least Twice A Week.
Did you know you can train your puppy to stand on a towel at the back door so he can be toweled dry if it is raining and he comes inside wet.
REMEMBER YOU MAY BE EXPOSED TO ANY CHEMICAL YOU PUT ON YOUR DOG.
Below, there are two types of matt breakers, or tools that cut into matts and break them up. One is a straight edge matt breaker and the other is a curved blade matt breaker. I prefer the curved edge because it is more protective for the dog. My husband's hands are stronger and he feels confident using the straight edged matt breaker. They are life savers for coats that have gotten a little messy.
Supplies For Grooming. We Use Frontline Flea-Tick-Ear Mite-Mange Spray, Eye Wash To Clean Eyes After Grooming, Hydrogen Peroxide on Swabs To Clean Ears Weekly, Alcohol Wipes To Remove Moisture From Ears After Cleaning Ears, Metal Comb to Groom Coat, Handle Tweezers to Remove Ear Hair. Ear Hair Scissors (from Jefferspet.com) To Trim Eye Hair So We Can Prevent Eye Stain, Matt Breakers To Remove Coat Matts, Nail Trimmers To Trim Claws.
Heartgard Plus kills heartworms, mange and some intestinal parasites or worms. Ask your vet to prescibe it. Consult with your vet. Some collie breeds cannot use Heartgard.
HEARTGARD PLUS Heartgard is a prescription product. You must get a prescription for it. Consult with your vet.
FOR HEARTWORMS - Cost is $60 per year
USE HEARTGARD PLUS FOR HEARTWORMS - It is safer and cheaper.
1. Is a chewable tablet.
2. It comes in many sizes. You can divide it to fit the weight of your dog.
3. It is given once a month
4. It is very economical
5. It is very safe for your dog, even if he does contract heartworms
6. It is used as a cure for Heartworm infections
7. It is used to prevent and control mange
8. It keeps hook worms under control
Your vet may not carry it. It is not very profitable for vets. You can get him to order it by phone or fax from Petmeds.
HEARTGARD PLUS is a preventative medication that prevents Heartworms in dogs.
And, it is now often used as a treatment of choice for dogs that test positive for heartworms. The old fashioned strong chemo-like treatment that was used for dogs that tested positive for heartworms was often fatal to the dogs. Now, the milder Heartguard Plus is often used to treat active Heartworm cases. It is sometimes said to be needed for up to 5 years to cure active heartworm cases.
It certainly is a much easier method of heartworm treatment than the harsh and expensive old fashioned heartworm treatments.
There are several systemic heartworm/flea/tick meds available. Do not use them. Some of them, like Revolution, have given toy dogs neurologic disorders, skin problems, hair loss, nervousness, and even death. They boast the ability to kill everything from fleas and ticks to heartworms.
The systemics are pill forms and vials of med put on the back of the dog. These are much too strong for the toy dogs. Please only use HEARTGARD PLUS for your dog.
All dogs come in contact with the mange mite. Mange is usually controlled by the dog's immune system. A dog with an immature immune system, dogs that are stressed, and dogs that come into contact with a heavy concentration of mange mites may develop mange.
Heartgard Plus helps dogs get rid of the mange mite.
To diagnose mange, Vets do a skin scrapping to find the mite. However, the mite is an elusive little critter and often times it is there, but the vet cannot find it in a skin scrapping.
Then again, vets often see the skin issues associated with mange but cannot find the mite. Usually the dog's own immune system is fighting off the mite, but the mite may do a bit of damage while the mite is still present.
Mange is controlled with the medication, IVOMEC, or IVERMECTIN. This medication is in HEARTGARD PLUS heartworm medication. The dosage for managing mange is thought to be far less than the dosage for Heartworms, by some university veterinary specialists. If you give your dog HEARTGARD PLUS you will automatically be providing him with a preventative dosage for mange.
If your vet does not carry this old timey trusted med then ask him to call a prescription into PETMEDS.
HEARTGARD PLUS DOES THE FOLLOWING:
1. Prevents Heartworm Infection
2. It is thought by many that it Cures or helps to cure Heartworm Infections, when taken long enough
3. Prevents Mange Mites from over taking the dog
4. Helps controls some internal parasites like hook worms & round worms
PETMEDS LINK, for ordering Heartgard Plus with a prescription from your vet:
Here is a guide to proper grooming. Before you bath your dog, clean his ears, to prevent bacteria from going deeper into his ear canals. Please see the "Fleas, Ears, Eyes, Toes" article on the website.
Things you will need:
1. Wire Brush
2. Matt Breaker, with straight edged or curved edge
3. Fine Metal Comb
4. Nail Clippers
5. Baby Shampoo WITHOUT CONDITIONERS & DETANGLERS
6. Blow Dryer & Towels
7. Small Rounded Scissors
8. Bathtub Sprayer Hose
9. Ear Hair Scissors (from Jefferspet.com)
10. 6 ft. SHOWER SPRAYER- Hose End Sprayer For Bath Tub *** Very Important
1. Clean ears, according to ear care article, "Fleas, Ears, Eyes, Toes".
2. Stand the dog on the table, and brush him, or place him on the floor and brush him. Brush his hair from head to tail. Then brush his hair from tail to head. Then COMB HIM.
3. Matts: If you encounter matts, use the matt breaker (purchase at www.jefferspet.com). The matt breaker is a sharp blade that will cut through the matts without removing all of the hair in the matts. Put the matt breaker into the middle of the matt, penetrating it completely, as you pull the straight or rounded blade through the matt, you will loosen the matt. Repeat this until you have broken up the matt. Next, brush through the matt. Next, comb the matt with the metal comb.
4. Clip his toe nails, remember to clip the extra nail that may be higher up on the front legs, the dew claws. Clip no closer than 1/4th inch from the base of the nail. The base of the nail is one color while the tip of the nail is usually another color. The nail colors differ in different colored dogs. Clip no closer than 1/4 th inch from the part of the nail that is closest to the body, or the quick of the nail. For instance, if the base of the nail is black and the nail itself is white, only cut the white back to the area that is 1/4th inch from the black, or base of the nail, or as it is sometimes called, the quick. Some dogs with black in their coats have a black and white tip of the nail. Dogs have pads on their paws, quick below the pad, and nails beyond the quick. Trim the claw to 1/4 inch from the quick.
5. Comb the dog to assure that you have removed all of the matts.
6. Clip the hair around his feet, wee wee area, and some around his eyes. Use the tiny "Ear Hair Scissors" around his eyes, the tip of the ear hair scissors is rounded. Clip eye lashes to 1/3-1/4 inch long, this will help prevent eye watering.
7. Bath in a very warm room. Use a Shower Sprayer/Hose End Sprayer that is 6 ft. long. The Shower Sprayer/Hose End Sprayer Is Much Easier Than Placing the Dog In A Full Bath Tub. Place the dog in the bath tub. Wet with warm water. Apply Baby Shampoo. Lather. Rinse three times as much as think you might need to rinse.
8. Towel Dry, then blow dry. Be sure to blow dry the inside of his ears.
9. Clean his ears again with a swab dipped in hydrogen peroxide, then dry his ears with dry swabs.
10. Brush him with a wire brush and follow up with a metal comb.
His hair will hold the baby shampoo smell for about 3 days. Then you can place a very tiny amount of lavender baby powder on his tummy and it will smell good for about 3 more days. They love to smell good. They will beg for the powder once they get accustomed to smelling good.
We bath every Friday and have done this for years. It will not dry their skin or harm them in any way. Use no conditioners, and no detanglers as they cause skin problems. Not rinsing well will also cause skin problems. Snuggle your sweet baby as now he smells good and is nice and clean.
Ear mites do not affect humans!
Your dog can get ear mites any place, and at any time of the year. Ear mites do not affect humans but ear mites are highly contagious between dogs.
It takes a couple of weekly Frontline Spray treatments, or the Biospot Spray, to get rid of ear mites. While the Frontline Spray is doing its work, for a period of up to two weeks, you will need to clean your dog's ears daily.
The signs of ear mites are:
1. Brown crumbly substance in ears, which will reappear in hours
2. Scratching ears
3. Shaking head
Ear mites can create a medium for bacterial growth and add to yeast infections. It is important to try to get rid of ear mites as soon as you notice the brown crumbly substance in his ears.
WHEN YOU CLEAN YOUR DOG'S EARS, IF HE HAS EAR MITES, THE BROWN CRUMBLY SUBSTANCE WILL REAPPEAR WITHIN HOURS. IT IS AMAZING HOW QUICKLY THE SUBSTANCE APPEARS!
We do not like the many ear mite meds. Some of them are made of highly carcinogenic ingredients. Most ear mite meds take about two weeks to work. The few ear mite meds that work instantaneously may be too strong for toy dogs.
Frontline Spray will work in a few applications, or more slowly than some other meds for ear mites, but it may be less problematic for the dog. It is not as strong as many of the other products.
It is very important to clean his ears daily if he has ear mites. As we mentioned, he can get an ear infection if the ear mites are not treated, and if his ears are not cleaned daily. As described below, clean his ears with swabs dipped in hydrogen peroxide. Dry his ears with dry swabs.
Treat Ear Mites Weekly with Frontline Spray
Spray Frontline Spray or Biospot Spray in a circle around the outside of his ears. Spray around his ear for ear mites weekly, until the ear mites are gone.
Please remember to cover the eyes with a cloth prior to spraying around the ears.
And, clean the ears daily, as described below.
Claws can grow in a circle and back around into the skin of the dog. Claws must be trimmed. Sometimes when dogs walk on sidewalks or rough pavement the regular claws are worn down through walking on the rough surfaces. However, the dew claws still need to be trimmed. Many people have the dew claws removed when the pup is neutered. We do not remove the dew claws at birth because it is a gruesome process done without anesthesia and it is very painful to baby pups. Removal of dew claws without anesthesia in newborn pups is like cutting off the fingers of a human. It should not be done without anesthesia.
Dew Claws get lost in large coats. Be sure to clip the dew claws. They will grow around into a circle and back into the skin of the dog if not properly clipped.
EARS, CLEANING AND
EAR HAIR REMOVAL
We are not vets, but we have tried all that is available on the market, for ears, and we keep coming back to the old tried and true methods that were used prior to modern medicines! Ask your vet for his acceptance of these practices and go with your vet's advice.
A Dog's Ear Drum is not at the end of the ear canal. The ear drum is around the corner from the end of the ear canal. You can use swabs and clean the dog's ears without worry that you will rupture his ear drum, as long as you do not go deeper than the area you can see, when you are looking down the canal.
Improper ear care can cause many problems, even deafness.
Ear Cleaning & Ear Hair Removal
1. Set up the right environment for ear cleaning. Work in a room in which you are alone with the dog. Make sure that there are no distractions, noise, or people walking through the room.
2. Assemble your supplies:
Hydrogen Peroxide, in a small bowl
Revlon Handle Tweezers, flat tipped
Animal Crackers as treats when you are finished
3. Cover your lap with the towel, and assemble your items on a table near your seating.
4. Place the dog on your lap, pet him and talk to him, so he will relax.
5. Place him ear-side up so that you can see into his ear canal.
6. Tuck the flashlight under your chin so you can see the tiny crevices in his ear.
7. Dip a swab in the hydrogen peroxide, and clean his ear with it. Repeat this process until his ear is clean. Dry his ear with a dry swab.
8. Use the Handle Tweezers and remove the ear hair. You may have to push him back into position and speak to him with a bit of a rude tone, until he understands that he will be okay. It may take a while to do this. Though he may resist at first, he will eventually be okay with it.
9. After all of his ear hair has been removed, clean his ear again with a swab dipped into hydrogen peroxide.
10. Dry his ear with dry swabs.
11. Repeat with the other ear.
12. Give him a treat after you finish each ear.
Clean ears again the day after the ear hair removal, to protect against bacterial infections in the skin abrasions.
The dog may shake his head a lot for a week or so after ear hair removal. Some of the head shaking may be from the bath. Some may be from the ear hair removal, and some may be from a bit of hydrogen peroxide.
Ear hair removal does not hurt them, because they have very few nerve endings in their ear canals.
Ear hair holds moisture, bacteria, yeast, fungus, mites, fleas, and debris. Improper ear care can cause deafness.
When you finish, be sure to check his ear with the flashlight, there may be a lot of hair left in his ears. There may be fine ear hair left in the lower and smaller areas of the ear. Sometimes the ear hair is so light that you cannot see it. Keep working until you remove all of the hair.
Your vet may suggest an antibiotic skin ointment in the ear. This seems to aid in the recovery of skin tissue, since the initial hair removal or the removal of large amounts of hair, seems to do minor, temporary damage to tiny pores in the skin. Removing the hair, if there is a lot of hair, will remove tiny bits of skin and though it is necessary to remove the hair, the skin may get slightly inflamed.
When we cut their coats down we shave the inside flap of the ear.
We always clean ears before bathing, as the bath can force bacteria deeper into the ear canal. We also clean the ear after bathing to remove water and bacteria that entered the ear during the bath process!
After bathing, we dry the inside of the ear with a blow dryer set on low.
Many people put cotton balls in the ears prior to bathing. The cotton balls do not work. Skip the cotton balls, as the dog's head must be thoroughly washed to have a clean dog, so his ears will get wet.
Some people even go so far as to suggest you should not get the dog's head wet! Forget about it! Wash your dog's head!
Your dog will get accustomed to having his ears cleaned. If he is resisting you, try to place him in the ear cleaning position and pet him while he is in that position daily, or several times a day. Give him a treat while he is in the ear cleaning position. Let him adjust to it with this sort of training while you continue to clean his ears, regardless of his attitude about it.
You may have to force him to let you do ear cleaning, but it is very important. Without ear cleaning the dog will endure painful ear infections and perhaps even deafness.
You can teach him to let you interact with him in a positive way during ear cleaning. Keep trying if he is being difficult as you stand a better chance of working with him than a groomer would.
After teaching him to look forward to ear cleaning you will soon see him turn form one side to the other when you finish the first ear. He will catch on quickly, just persevere until you are successful.
You can spend $70-150 at the vet on steroids, drops, and pills but they usually do not work as well as this method. We believe the steroids are causing many of the cancers we are seeing in many of the lap- eared breeds. I have explained to my vet that I prefer to use all alternatives to the strong ear medications, but when the vet says I must use the strong meds, I will gladly use them.
Over- The- Counter Ear Care Products
1. Powders for drying and cleaning, many of them are made with highly carcinogenic substances, such as rotenone. Rotenone is a known human carcinogen and it is dangerous for humans. The drying powders do not work well, and they leave debris, creating a medium for bacterial growth.
2. There are many ear washes. Washes leave water behind, and consequently are the cause of bacterial and yeast infections. Most vets prescribe ear washes because it is easier to prescribe a wash than to get everyone to correct the ear problem with other methods.
3. Tea Tree Oil should never be used on a toy or small breed! It may be dangerous.
The Peroxide Method is a little more work, but we have had much more success with it. IT WILL REMOVE BACTERIA. With hydrogen peroxide, we do not worry about the cancers that might be a result of steroids and over the counter carcinogens, that are given these days.
If Your Dog Repeatedly Has Ear Infections:
1. Are you cleaning the dog's ears weekly?
2. Are you drying the dog's ears after the bath?
3. Are you getting the shampoo out of his ears after his weekly bath?
4. Are you removing his ear hair at least every two weeks?
5. Are you taking the dog to a groomer who could be creating the problem?
6. Is your dog walking in mold infested areas?
7. Is your dog swimming in a lake or pool?
If your dog has an infection, of any magnitude, please take your dog to the vet, ASAP!
You must consult with your veterinarian prior to using any of this information.
Ear Hair Removal needs to be done every two weeks. Get your dog used to daily work on his ears. Work in a room with no one else and with no noise so he will remain compliant and easy to work with. Give him a treat after he has been a good boy. The trick to getting him accustomed to having his ears worked on is daily work on them. He will adjust. Just be consistent and work on them daily.
A Clean Ear With Hair Removed, And Surrounding Hair Heavily Clipped! Hair grows all along the ear flap on the inside and even in the ear canal.
Clip Discolored Hair Around Eye Weekly. Clip To Skin With "Ear Hair Scissors", from Jeffers Pet Catalog! See Article: "Fleas, Ears, Eyes, Toes"!
PREVENT EYE STAIN WITH PROPER WEEKLY CLIPPING OF HAIR BETWEEN NOSE AND EYE.
Did you know that clipping the hair on the inside part of the eye, closest to the nose, helps prevent eye stain. The hair on the nose side of the eye will cut into the eye and irritate the eye and make the eye water. The water runs on to the coat and it causes the red eye stain when yeast forms on the wet hair. Clip all red hair and all hair around the eye near the nose. This will go along way toward eye stain prevention. Clip eye hair weekly to remove all stains and prevent further eye watering and staining.
What do we do about eye stain?
The single and quick answer is:
1.Clip the hair around the eyes weekly with the round tipped ear hair scissors.
2. Clip the red line that forms under his eye. When you clip it weekly it will only be a thin line like a pencil mark. That red line, or red hair can be clipped clean down to the skin. He has so much hair that the rest of the hair will fall over the area you clipped, immediately covering it and making the missing hair area impossible to even find.
Tears form from hair that is scratching eyeballs. Then the tears fall on the coat and yeast forms. The yeast creates a red stain on the coat under the eye. Trim the area around the eyes weekly. Use ear hair scissors with round tip to completely cut the red line (stain) of hair under the eye. Clip it weekly. Do not use any products for stain. They do not work, except the antibiotics and they are dangerous. Clip the hair. Protect the eyes by clipping the hair and make them look better at the same time. No products needed. Just clip the hair weekly.
EYE STAIN: Tears form from hair that is scratching eyeballs. Tears fall on coat and yeast forms. The yeast creates a red stain on the coat under the eye. Trim the area around eyes weekly. Use ear hair scissors with round tip to completely cut the red line (stain) of hair under the eye. Clip it weekly. Do not use any products for stain. They do not work. Clip the hair. Protect the eyes by clipping the hair and make them look better at the same time. No products needed. Just clip the hair weekly.
ZYMOX IS AN OVER THE COUNTER EAR TREATMENT. IT REPORTEDLY KILLS BACTERIA, FUNGUS, YEAST, & EVEN MRSA. BUY IT AT: jefferspet.com
Dew Claws Need To Be Clipped Monthly. Dew Claws Can Be Removed When Pup Is Neutered. Swab Was Inserted Under Dew Claw For Photo. They Are On Front Paws Above Foot.
When Trimming Nails Only Cut One Half of The White Tip. Never Cut Close To The Bottom End of The White Tip.
LONG Shower Sprayer For your BathTub Is Critical To Quick & Simple BATH. DO NOT PUT DOG DOWN IN BATHTUB OF WATER!
Your Most Important Grooming Tool, Shower Sprayer With 6 Foot Hose!
PLEASE SEE THE FLEAS, EARS, EYES, TOES PAGE ON THIS WEBSITE. IT IS VERY IMPORTANT.
ALTERNATIVE FLEA CONTROL Check with your vet before using the apple cider vinegar water treatment below. Do not use if your dog is on meds.
Check with your vet first and do not use if your dog is on meds. 1 Teaspoon REAL APPLE CIDER VINEGAR WITH 1 QUART WATER as only water available to dog will USUALLY stop light flea infestations in 6 weeks.
Remember to blow dry your puppy well. Dry inside his ears. If the temp is below 70 degrees please hold your pup in a towel, for 30 minutes after bathing.
REMEMBER YOU MAY BE EXPOSED TO ANY CHEMICAL YOU PUT ON YOUR DOG.
FLEA MEDS ARE VERY STRONG VETS ARE OVERDOSING
AND POISONING DOGS WITH FLEA MEDS
DO NOT ALLOW YOUR PET TO BE POISONED
We know of situations in which small toy dogs have been given multiple flea meds simultaneously. The strongest flea meds are the vials that are placed on the back of the dog. The instructions indicate that the entire vial should be placed on the dog's back. The vial is a systemic product meaning it stays in the body for a long period of time, and, it continues to poison the fleas and ticks, (and, dog). Some of the products are so strong that they last for 3 months. Can you imagine the level of toxicity they must have in them!
Some vials kill heartworms, fleas and ticks.
Vets make a lot of money from these medications.
Some vets have been known to administer multiple types of flea meds along with the vials. The vial, alone, is too strong for toy dogs, and, the vials can cause a multitude of serious health problems in toy dogs, but, vets are still using them, despite the EPA warning to stop using them on toy animals.
We know of cases in which vets have given the vial, and a pill that does the exact same thing simultaneously. Worse yet, we know of many, many cases in which vets have given the vial, a pill that does the same thing as the vial, and a spray with pyrethrums, and, a flea shampoo with pyrethrins. Now, that is crazy.
The owners did not notice what the vet was giving the dog. They blindly entrusted their dog to the malicious malpractice of an unscrupulous vet.
Of course, just the systemic vial, alone, will sometimes cause convulsions, nervousness, and neurologic damage. But, the vets often go even further and add on a multitude of unneeded chemicals to a tiny dog's body.
These over dosing cases and all cases in which vets ignore the EPA warning not to use the systemics on toy dogs are CASES OF POISONING THE DOGS.
The dogs developed neurologic disorders, often a shaking disease, skin issues, and, many years of skin problems with complications from the steroid treatments that were used for the skin problems. Many of the dogs' hair fell out. Some of the dogs developed disease from the steroid meds given to treat the skin problems.
Vets can collect thousands upon thousands of dollars worth of treatments for the problems created by such poisoning of toy dogs. In most cases the owners had no idea what was going on with their animal, and, some of the wealthier owners subjected their dogs to many months of testing through many specialist vets, none of whom told the owners that the overmedication from the unscrupulous vet created the neurologic problems and the skin problems.
We have numerous cases of such VET POISONINGS. The poor unsuspecting and trusting little dogs and their owners were at the mercy of those unscrupulous vets.
Please pay attention to the meds the vet gives your dog. Do not allow an unscrupulous vet to make your dog sick and then collect money from the illness he induces in your precious pet.
DO NOT LET IT HAPPEN TO YOUR DOG. PAY ATTENTION TO WHAT YOUR VET IS DOING TO THE DOG. Be a good owner, and watch out for your dog.
Several Types of Flea Treatments
There are several basic types of Flea & Tick Medications. Toy Dog Breeds should only use one of the flea and tick medications, the SPRAYS.
*NOTE: Please see the links here on this webpage to the EPA PUBLICATION, which warns against the use of systemic flea and tick medications on toy dogs.
THE EPA WARNS AGAINST PILLS AND VIALS OF LIQUID THAT ARE PUT ON THE DOG'S BACK AS A TREATMENT FOR FLEAS & TICKS IN TOY DOGS. THE VIALS OF FLEA MEDICATION THAT ARE PUT ON THE BACK OF THE DOG WILL CAUSE HAIR LOSS, SKIN ALLERGIES, SKIN PROBLEMS, NERVOUSNESS THAT MAY LAST UP TO TWO YEARS, NEUROLOGICAL DISORDERS, AUTOIMMUNE DISORDERS, REACTIONS TO TREATMENTS THAT CONTROL THE VIALS OF FLEA MED REACTIONS, SEIZURES & DEATH.
THE BASIC TYPES OF FLEA TREATMENT:
1. PILLS - much too strong - DO NOT USE THEM
2. VIALS - much too strong - DO NOT USE THEM
3. SHAMPOOS - much too strong
4. FLEA & TICK COLLARS - give off powders and vapors that can harm you, your home and your pet.
5. SPRAYS - ONLY USE SPRAYS
BEST CHOICE IS FRONTLINE SPRAY
1. It lasts for one month.
2. It will not wash off.
3. It will kill fleas, ear mites and ticks.
FRONTLINE SPRAY WILL NOT WASH OFF & it will kill fleas, ticks, & ear mites for one month.
Second Choice: KEEP ON HAND IN CASE FRONTLINE SPRAY IS UNAVAILABLE.
1. It will wash off somewhat.
2. It contains pyretrins, (not our safest choice).
3. It may be needed twice a month.
4. It will kill fleas, ear mites and ticks.
To kill ear mites spray around the dog's ears each week for 2-3 weeks. Clean ears daily when you see mites to prevent infection. Mites create a brown crumbly substance in the ears, which can form in a few hours. Humans are not affected by ear mites.
REMEMBER YOU MAY BE EXPOSED TO ANY CHEMICAL YOU PUT ON YOUR DOG.